I am pleased to inform you that a paper will be published in BMC International Health and Human Rights on Metals in wounds of victims in Gaza
Metals detected by ICP/MS in bioptic samples from Gaza victims
Sobhi Skaik1, Nafiz Abu-Shaban2, Nasser Abu-Shaban3, Mario Barbieri4, Maurizio Barbieri5, Umberto Giani6, Paola Manduca7 *
1Head Surgeon, Surgery Depts, Shifa Hospital, Gaza, Palestine, 2Head Plastic Surgeon, Plastic surgery Dept. and Burn Unit, Shifa Hospital, Gaza, Palestine, 3Consultant Surgeon, FRCSI, Gaza, Palestine, 4Professor of Geochemistry, Istituto di Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria, C.N.R., Rome, Italy, 5Associate Professor of Environmental Geochemistry, Dept. Scienze della Terra,University of Rome, Italy , 6 Associate Professor of Medical Statistic, Dept. of Preventive Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University Federico II, Naples, Italy, 7Associate Professor of Genetics Genetics, Dept Biology, University of Genoa, Italy
*correspondence to P Manduca
Metals in biopsies of injuries from not fragmentation weapons
Background: The amount and identity of metals incorporated into “weapons without fragments” remain undisclosed to health personnel. This poses a long-term risk of assumption and contributes to additional hazards for victims because of increased difficulties with clinical management. We were interested to asses if there was evidence that Metals are embedded in “wounds without fragments” of victims of the Israeli aggressions on Gaza in 2006 and 2009.
Methods: Biopsies of “wounds without fragments” from clinically classified injuries, amputation (A), charred (C), burns (B), multiple piercing wounds by White Phosphorus (WP) (M), were analyzed by ICP/MS for content in 32 Metals.
Results: Toxic and carcinogenic Metals were detected in folds over control tissues in wound tissues from all injuries: in A and C wounds (Al, Ti, Cu, Sr, Ba, Co, Hg, V, Cs and Sn), in M wounds (Al, Ti, Cu, Sr, Ba, Co and Hg) and in B wounds (Co, Hg, Cs, and Sn); Pb and U in wounds of all classes and B, As, Mn, Rb, Cd, Cr, Zn in wounds of all classes, but M; Ni was in wounds of class A.
Conclusions: The presence of toxic and carcinogenic metals in wound tissue is indicative of the presence in weapon inducing the injury. Kind and amounts of Metals correlate with clinical classification of injuries, exposing a specific metal signature, similar for 2006 and 2009 samples. Metal contamination of wounds carries unknown long term risks for survivors, and can imply effects on populations from environmental contamination. We discuss remediation strategies, and suggest that this knowledge can suggest the need for epidemiological and environmental surveys.